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Jan. 19, 1999
See the Happy Hacker web site at http://www.happyhacker.org
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Svenska: http://w1.340.telia.com/~u34002171/hhd/gtmhh/svenska/hhdsvensk.html
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http://www.itlibrary.com/reference/library/1575212684/ewtoc.html Maximum
Security book online, and free!

Inside this report:

*  Wargame news!
*  PC-Help call for help
*  FBI vs. Meinel
*  IRC channels
*  Request for volunteer to do Lexis/Nexus search

 *** Wargame News
From: Sweasel18@aol.com

First I would like to congratulate Mysidia on his/her hack.  I'm in #koan
(on the Undernet IRC server) all the time and have had quit a few people
come in and ask how Mysidia got root. I guess not everyone is able to
understand Mysidia's explanation (personally I thought it was pretty good).
I am going to try to tell you how he did it in more detail.  Since I am not
Mysidia I might be off on some things so don't
take this as 100% accurate. 

Satori gave the clue that there was a permissions hole and that the hole
opened monthly.  The fact that it opens monthly should lead you to the
crontab file in /etc.  Go there and you notice monthly is run monthly and
monthly runs a file called monthly.local.  In monthly.local is a command,
build world and this compiles a lot of files including ping.c.  Now at this
point you don't know that ping.c is where the hole is.  This is probably
when Mysidia gave the command nice +20 find /usr/src -type f -perm
-o+w.somefile &.  I'm not real familiar with this command but I can explain
some of it.  The find is looking for files in /usr/src that have world write
permissions.  It saves the results to .somefile and the & makes the command
run in the background.  Now Mysidia probably opened up .somefile and found
ping.c in there.  Now he adds some c code of his own to ping.c and then
waits for crontab to compile it.  Satori noticed someone found the hole and
modified ping.c so he had it compile early but if Satori hadn't done that
the crontab would have done it at the end of the month.  Once it compiled
Mysidia probably just had to execute the ping command and then he obtained
root.  Mysidia has patched this hole so you CAN NOT use it to get root!

This may not be totally accurate but it should give you a good idea as to
how Mysidia rooted Koan. For the newbies that don't know Unix or don't
understand the basics as how to hack.  Visit sites like www.antionline.com
and view their beginning guides to hacking Unix.  Most of these guides will
start by telling you the basic Unix commands. 



 *** PC-Help Call for Help

PCHelp needs your help!

The PCHelp site is in very real danger of being REMOVED.

You are one of a great many people who have been helped by me and/or my
website.  I am writing you because I now need your help in return.  My
website, the principal page of which is found at
http://www.nwi.net/~pchelp/bo/bo.html is at serious risk of being

Why?  It is because I have chosen to expose a fraudulently advertised
product called Lockdown 2000.  Lockdown 2000 is a software product which
purports to deal with ALL Trojans (such as Back Orifice) and with ALL
threats to personal PC security.  The claims made for this product are
false, and I have exposed the facts in several pages on my site.

I encourage you to read what I have written about Lockdown.  Links are
prominently displayed at the top right of the main BO page.

The primary perpetrator of the Lockdown scam, Michael Paris, has written
to my ISP threatening a $100,000+ lawsuit if my site is not shut down.

The full story of that threat is at:
READ THIS STORY NOW because it could be removed forever within a single

 *** FBI vs. Meinel

From: "J.D. Abolins" <jda-ir@njcc.com>

In your recent Happy Hacker email, you mentioned the problems with the FBI
because of false accusations. I am not an attorney but I have come across
many accounts of how interactions of civilians with law enforcement people
can go astray. 

>I consulted with four lawyers.  They all said the FBI only gives lie
>detector tests to trick someone into saying something that will get them
>arrested.  Oct. 30 I told Baldwin I would not take the test.  She got pretty
>ugly about it, tying to persuade me I'd better take the test if I didn't
>want to be arrested.

I am sorry to hear about the hassles you are getting from the FBI. 
(Reminds me of the old adage that no good deed goes unpunished. 

I thank you and admire you for the way you handle the procedures the 
Bureau was using. Consulting your attorney and refusing the polygraph 
was the right thing to do. The more people give in to the pressure, the
more entrenched the pressure techniques become.

For what it's worth, I'll state something you probably know already, it is
both legal and a common practice for law enforcement officers (LEOs) to use
their own form of social engineering. (Interestingly enough, in my neck of
the woods in NJ, a city's police department is adamant about not having
videotaping of interrogations...eh...interviews and confessions. Seems that
beneath the objections is the fear that jurors, seeing some of the
techniques, might tend to acquit.) 

   "Although it is unlikely that we shall ever again experience the sort of
routine third-degree brutality in police stations that was commonplace in
the 1920s and 1930s, deceptive techniques, even more advanced than those
decried by the _Miranda_ majority, have become the hallmark of the police
interrogation trade. Among the most effective
and commonly used is the 'fabrication of evidence' ploy."
                                                      Skolnick & Fyfe,
_Above the Law_

There are many methods of police "social engineering" people: 

* "The hook" is the offer of a "rationale" to the suspect for whatever it is
that the person is accused of. In a homicide case, it might go like this: "I
read the background of the guy that got killed.... He was some piece of
crap.... It was good for the neighborhood that he's dead...." I haven't
heard of the hook lines in "hacker" investigations (maybe because law
enforcement officers aren't nowhere as familiar with this environment as
they with stuff such as murder) but one I can imagine LEOs would use is an
appeal to the intellectual tinkering. "...I wonder what is inside of those
bank computers...A lot of people must be curious..."

* The divide and conquer method by playing people off of each other in 
the case of multiple suspects.  Basically, the cliched "You partner is 
telling us a lot of things and getting a deal with the DA...." ploy.

* An interesting technique reportedly used by one police department 
was to have a chart of "indications that the interviewee is lying" on 
the wall.  The chart was deliberately set up with contradicting items: 
"Subject is nervous.... Subject is too calm.... Subject is belligerent....
Subject is too polite.... Subject avoids eye  contact.... Subject stares at
interviewer...." (The items were spaced out so not to be this obvious.) 

* A very common technique is claim that evidence was found that doesn't
really exist. 

* Another technique is to irritate the interviewee to get the person to
say something unwise. The LEOs can get an upper-hand by using an angry or
irritated outburst as a hook to manipulate a person.

* Mild physical duress can be used. The classic third degree is out these
days but there are other ways. Chilly rooms. Allow the person to 
drink lots of water but delay bathroom breaks. Chairs with maladjusted legs
to make the person feel uncomfortable.

* Applying to arrests, a big tactic to have more open confession time 
is to delay the arrestee seeing the attorney. Legally, the police have 
to tell the arrestee that the attorney has arrived. They, however, are 
not obligated to send up the attorney. The arrestee has to ask or 
demand to see the attorney. Otherwise, the LEOs might well delay, 
hoping that the person unwittingly blabs out something useful before
the attorney can stop him. 

   By the way, the whole Miranda deal gets very interesting in regards
   to legal distinctions of a person being a witness, an interviewee, 
   a suspect, and an arrestee. Miranda v. Arizona decision applies 
   to only formal arrest and to where confessions are an issue. 
   (Some cases don't require Mirandization. Usually cases where 
   the possession of some item is sufficient for the case. But if the 
   person start confessing to something, Miranda applies...) 
   One technique LEOs may use is to keep interviewing people rather 
   than arresting and interrogating them. Things said during the 
   interviews can be used against the person but the Miranda 
   protections don't apply. 

These and other police "social engineering" techniques are regarded 
by many LEOs to be so crucial to their work that if they were 
prohibited, it would be the end of civilization. <grin>

>Nov. 10, Dr. Mark Ludwig, publisher of "The Happy Hacker book," went along 
>as a witness with me to the Albuquerque FBI office.  There we met with three
>agents: Doug Beldon, Roger Black, and Baldwin.  Beldon told Ludwig, "Sure,
>she's a suspect."  They subjected me to over an hour of browbeating, warning
>me that if I didn't take a lie detector test, my chances of arrest would
>increase. I sat there and said nothing -- and took notes.  It was a
>fascinating opportunity to observe how the FBI tries to intimidate innocent
>people into incriminating themselves.

Saying nothing is the right thing to do. It may be hard to keep silent but
saying practically anything is risky in such proceedings. 

And there is no "off the record" with LEOs. Incidentally, except for
arranged discussions with an attorney in law enforcement faculties,
conversations with friends/etc. in the faculties can be risky. The bugging
of some of the facility areas is a common practice (as came up in a case
where a suspect was talking with a priest). 

Incidentally, an all common mistake people make is to ask the police if they
should get an attorney. Wrong people to ask. The question can be used as a
springboard for ploys such as "Why do you think you NEED an attorney?" or
"What are worried about that you want to call in a lawyer?" 

By the way, the all too common cliche of "if you are innocent and have
nothing to hide, then a polygraph will help to show you're innocent" is
bunch of bovine soil enhancer. It is a psychological hook to go fishing for
anything useful. And in the USA justice system, the burden of proof is upon
the accuser, not the accused. (But, alas, this is being pushed the other
way.  Look at the DNA sampling push, as in New York City, where the
supporters claim is that getting DNA cataloged and booked will help innocent
people by "proving" their innocence. What next, black boxes for computers to
prove where one has been on the Internet? <grin & groan>)

>Guess what -- Doug Beldon has a certificate in his office saying he is a
>graduate of the Rush Limbaugh Institute.  It figures.

Is that a mental institution? <grin><sorry, couldn't resist the joke>

>Does this mean that I will no longer cooperate with the FBI in bringing the 
>Hacking for Girliez gang to justice?  Because the FBI has not backed down
>claiming I am a suspect, I no longer dare talk to them.   However, I am
>still tying to bring the Girliez to justice by helping others to catch them.

Good move. Don't talk directly with the Bureau about the cracking case. 
Besides the likelihood of the FBI using the info against you, another very
big problem is how the relationship can be manipulated and presented to
others. (Don't be surprised if somewhere down the line you are made out to
be an "informant" for the Bureau.) This is very ironic that the FBI hampers
one of the "good  guys" by its handling of the claims made by the "bad
guys". It is a common hazard.

>I will continue to help keep the Happy Hacker message of white hat, good guy
>hacking on the Internet.  You have the right to know the secrets of the
>Internet and to learn how to protect yourself from nasty characters such as
>the Girliez.  I won't let criminals like them shut me down, and I won't let
>the FBI shut me down, either.

Thank you for the Happy Hacker mailings and the perseverance in this 
situation. Also, thank you for bearing with my unsolicited comments.

J.D. Abolins (not an attorney; just a person with wide range of interests.
This text is not a substitute for the services of a competent legal counsel.)

PS. Some background references and resources about police methods:

Above the Law: Police and the Excessive Use of Force 
by Jerome H. Skolnick & James J. Fyfe. The Free Press, 1994
ISBN 0-02-929153-4
The chapter on The Third Degree examines the interview and 
interrogation processes and how, in many cases, lying and 
deception are commonly used.

Homicide : A Year on the Killing Streets 
by David Simon.  Ivy Books, 1993
ISBN 0-80-410999-0
A Baltimore reporter's real life study of the city's homicide bureau reveals
various nitty gritty things about police procedures, including insights
about interview/interrogation ploys. The book was the basis for the NBC TV

The ACLU Pocket Card on Police Encounters "Bust Card" 
(Adobe Acrobat PDF document or ASCII text)
Simplistic but handy reference for dealing with the police in a variety of
situations. Good to study before you need the info.
From: "Mark Gerry" <markgerry@btconnect.com>

I have been an avid reader of happy hacker for a number of months now, and
have never made a contribution.  This is because I am simply only interested
in the information it provides rather than wanting to learn how to become an
evil hacker.  I have just read about how the FBI are trying to implicate you
in their investigation and I think it sucks.  The only reason they are
trying to implicate you is because, like all police and criminal
investigation units the world over, they have to blame someone and they pick
on you because they have your name, it is as simple as that.  They cannot be
bothered to get off their ar$es and find the real s.o.b's so they take the
easy route and blame you.  I felt that I had to offer you my support as a
similar sort of thing happened to me not so long ago.  I was intimidated
just as you were, but when it came to the crunch, in a court of law, the
case folded and I sued the ar$e off the British version of the FBI for false
accusation and false imprisonment, defamation etc.  My biggest mistake was
that I tried to help them catch the people involved (I even gave them the
names) but as all good agents, they couldn't detect their heads being blown off.

My advice to you is don't get involved, don't help them, just answer the
questions your solicitor tells you to answer and keep fighting.

P.S.  Wales is a little country attached to England

From: Rakesh Goyal <sysman@vsnl.com>


We are with you for the injustice, you had from FBI. We fully support your
point-of-view and integrity. Hackers have certain principles and ethics.
Others are not hackers but criminals. Girliez are one of those. They are not
only criminals against NYT, Motorola, MCH, JPL, Penthouse, etc. but more
than that criminal against you. Please inform us, where you need our
support, help, assistance, we are always with you.

Rakesh Goyal
(Chartered Engineer,
 Certified Management Consultant,
 Certified Computer Crimes Investigator
 Certified Information Systems Auditor and
 Certified Information Systems Security Professional)
Director, National Centre for Research in Computer Crimes, Mumbai/India

For and on behalf of all staff at
Sysman Computers (P) Ltd., Mumbai/India
and National Centre for Research in Computer Crimes, Mumbai/India

[Thanks, it's great to hear your support! -- Carolyn Meinel]
From: <yruno2@usa.net>

Hi Carolyn, just read you latest "inside happy hacker" and found it
interesting as always.  Your story of the FBI harassing you was
interesting as well, amazing how they think they can do whatever they
please. anyway, you might think I'm being picky, but I was a bit disturbed
by your rush Limbaugh comment, and the insinuation that rush would approve
of this activity.  As a rabid rush fan, I assure you this agent was behaving
in a manner that was opposite to what rush stands for.  I think if you would
try listening to him, you would find he is on your side on the issues of
maximizing freedom and limiting government intervention in our lives, which
your interrogation was an obvious governmental intrusion into YOUR life.  As
a fan of your work, I ask you to at least listen to rush before passing
judgment on him, much as you study victim computers before hacking them ;)
(legally, of course!!)

Have a good one, and keep up the good work!

[Thanks for pointing out that Limbaugh is no fan of FBI harassment, I'm
sorry to have made the snide comment -- Carolyn Meinel]
From: Ryan Barrett

I've got a nice little story about the America "Intelligence" organizations,
the FBI + CIA.

Basically, a few years back during the Cold War they noticed that the
Russians had this new missile.  The bad thing was they didn't know what it
was.  So what did they do?

They contacted the military/intelligence organizations of Canada, Australia,
France and Germany.  No-one knew what it was.

Finally they contacted the British SS (MI5 / MI6).  Given five minutes the
British Intelligence service gave them FULL specs for the missile.  How?

They check through the catalogue of a certain MAJOR arms dealer and there it

Doesn't it increase your confidence in the agencies? :)..

Anyway I hope the stupid, in-breed morons use the single brain cell that
they all share to realize that your innocent.  Hell, if it WAS of your doing
you'd have to be the stupidest person on the planet (which you're not).

I've heard a rumor that the "Hacking for Girlies" group are transvestite
homosexual males.  They should re-name themselves "Wanting to be Girlies" !


Ps: If you print this, please don't include my e-mail address.

From: "ELECTRICzero" <ELECTRICzero@prodigy.net>

>Yes, I figured, there was no way anyone with as much as a double digit IQ
would think I had ever been one of the Hacking for Girliez gang.

Well... I can't see how that statement was proved wrong ;)

Here's the FBI situation as best as I can see it:

1) They have *not* sent me (Carolyn) a "target letter." This is a letter
that formally tells someone that he or she is a suspect.  Since I have *not*
gotten one, I presume they have given up on thinking I'm a suspect in the
Web site hack of the New York Times on Sept. 13, 1998.  There is no news of
any arrests or even any raids of other possible suspects.  I have heard from
reporter friends that two other people have been visited by the FBI and
questioned and that they got the impression that they are suspects.  I also
have heard that the FBI asked the owner of  Denver ISP for permission to
view his logs but that he refused. 

I'm guessing the FBI has run out of leads.  Usually if no arrests are made
within 90 days of a crime, the case is dead. 

-- Carolyn "Grand Pooh-bah" Meinel

 *** IRC Channels
From: "Craig Harvey" <harvjcs@pcpro.net.au>

I have the registered the Channel #happyhacker on NEWNET. I hope u do not
object to this. I did it to make a place where readers etc. can have
discussions/mindless chat etc.

Could u please inform your readers that this is up so they will know it is
there and they can use it to trade information etc. and meet new people with
the same interests as themselves.

[We don't have any "official" Happy Hacker IRC channels, but anyone is
welcome to use Happy Hacker as a name.  Another good channel is #koan on
Undernet where people discuss ways to break into koan.happyhacker.org, our
wargame computer.  We soon hope to get a message board up at
http://www.happyhacker.org which will be moderated so you don't have to
worry about wading through lots of flames, warez and "pron" -- Carolyn Meinel]

 *** Request for volunteer to do Lexis/Nexus search

There's something a little odd going on in the hacker scene that might have
roots in the old Iran/Contra scandal and which possibly could point to
renewed US Federal efforts similar to the "counter-subversive" activities
that came to light in that scandal.  Because that scandal predates the Web,
most of those records are buried in expensive databases such as Lexis-Nexis,
or on microfiche or microfilm.  Is there anyone who gets free access to
Lexis-Nexis who would be willing to research this problem for us?  It sure
would be faster than slaving over a hot microfiche reader! If you can help,
please email Meinel or phone her at 505-281-0490.

This is a list devoted to *legal* hacking! If you plan to use any
information in this Digest or at our Web site to commit crime, go away!
Foo on you! Don't email us bragging about any crimes you may have committed.
We mean it. 

For Windows questions, email keydet89@yahoo.com or editor@cmeinel.com
For Unix questions, contact unixeditor@cmeinel.com.
For Macs, email Strider <s.corinth@iname.com> 

Happy Hacker staff: Unix editor, <unixeditor@cmeinel.com>;
Windows editor, Keydet89 <editor@cmeinel.com>; postmasters Jonathan D.
Zerulik and William Lewis <>; Hacker Wargame Director,
Mark Schmitz <wizard@rt66.com>; Wargame Sysadmin, Satori <Satori@rt66.com>;
Grand Pooh-bah: Carolyn Meinel <>

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