Happy Hacker Digest Feb. 27, 1997
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URL O the Day: http://www.nwfusion.com
Table of Contents:
Not Afraid of Narcs
Email Bomb Stuff
From: root <email@example.com>
> From: "Stephen James" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
> I have the Linux packages on /dev/hda1. I mounted
it with the "mount -t
> msdos (yes, it's a msdos drive) /dev/hda1 /dosc" command
("can't find the a
> series"). Setup can't recognize this pre-mounted
partition. I am sure I
> have gone through the proper menus. I also tried to
install from disks.
> Setup tells me that "this does not look like the correct
disk." I have an
> "a1" directory on each of the disks. When
I let Setup mount the partition
> for me, it still says (after I input the source directory)
that it "can't
> find the a series.
For the floppies: You need to put the contents of the
a[1-6] directories on a
floppy, one directory apiece
For the HDD: You don't seem to give enough info for
a complete answer,
0) Download each of the a? disks into a separate directory,
1) After partitioning, run "setup"
2) Say <S>ource
3) 1 Install from a hard drive partition
5) /slackwar (note the 8 character name)
That should be enough to get you through the part you've
> Moderator: On my Win 95 system I have to turn the computer
off -- not just
> control-alt-delete, but actually power down. Then I put
the Linux Loader
> (Lilo) disk in the a: drive and turn it back on. This is
the only way I can
> get it to work consistently. Several times I got going by
starting off the
> CD-ROM basically by pretending I was installing Linux. But
> Anyone know a better way to make Win95 behave with Linux?
My system never had any problems. Have you installed
the "Disk Type
Specific Driver Update for Windows 95" upgrade from Microsloth
I have the strong
feeling that it will help <G>.
> WIN 95 QUESTION
> PLz post this anonymously.
> I would like some info on how to change win95 boot up screen.
> I have tried but I can't seem to achieve this.
> Also could someone plz explain to me what exactly can be
done with Win95
> system registry and how it works.
> I appreciate your help...thank you
Simple. Run RegEdit. Change stuff till you get
interesting results. Read
Resource Kit <d:\admin\reskit\helpfile> on the Win95 CD-ROM.
> From: "SauRON *THe* DaRKLORD" <email@example.com>
> I have read the last version of the Happy Hacker.
I just wanted to quickly
> know what is the NAME of the file on the Win '95 bootup
> like clouds. I have been trying to find that out for
a while. I HATE
> white CLOUDS.
> I am t h e c h o s e n o n e
> Moderator: You can find that file in c:\windows\clouds.bmp.
But perhaps what
> you really want to know is how to choose your background
so you don t have
> to look at boring clouds any more? If that is the case,
click start then
> settings then control panel then
display. The clouds image is on the
> background menu. You can pick from anything
there, or make your own
Nope, thats the desktop after booting. the file
he wants is
c:\windows\logo[sw].sys. One is the startup, the other
is the shutdown.
> WHATS THIS?
> From: " Sebas ." <firstname.lastname@example.org>
> Hey Carolyn and all!
> I just discovered something:
> When I connect to my ISP after writing the login and the
password they told me
> to write PPP default.
> I wrote PPP return and it said "enter IP Address"
or something like that instead
> of default I tried telepac.pt and I got connected with telepac.pt
IP address but
> I couldn't connect to anything but my ISP.
> Anyone knows why this happens and how can I make it work?
Try entering a numeric IP address, ex 18.104.22.168 to claim
to be from
home.netscape.com. Better yet, 22.214.171.124, www.whitehouse.gov!
--- James Mastros
Linux & PPP?
I've Recently Put Slackware (Kernel 2.0.26) On My Computer
and Have A PPP
Account With Netcom. I've Tried Many Ways To Set up A PPP Connection
Linux But I Can't Get It Done. I Was Wondering Should I Use A
Minicomm, Or Something Else? If Any Of These The How Would I
Get The Job
You May Have Seen Me On IRC at www.infowar.com Asking This Same
You Are Free To Comment, Flame, Respond, HELP Me At email@example.com
- Eagles May Soar But They Also Get
- Sucked Into Jet Engines. -
- -Anonymous -
From: the Phreaki Tikki <firstname.lastname@example.org>
>This is my first time posting so bear with me...I am quite
the newbie and I'd
>like to install Linux on my PC. I have downloaded the
>successfully set it up on a separate hard drive (d:) but
my problem is this:
> Windows 95 (c:) seems to more or less hate the Linux Native
format of drive
>D. In fact, when I start the computer my pretty picture
comes up as my
>background but it sits there...no icons, no start menu, nothing!
In order to
>make Win 95 act sensibly again I have to re-format the second
drive as a DOS
>format. I would like to have Linux accessible by boot
disk and running apart
>from Windows. Any help on how I can get Windows 95
to, in essence, ignore or
>accept the second hard drive containing Linux would be greatly
> Thanks for posting this...
> -=- Jackal -=-
>Moderator: On my Win 95 system I have to turn the computer
off -- not just
>control-alt-delete, but actually power down. Then I put the
>(Lilo) disk in the a: drive and turn it back on. This is
the only way I can
>get it to work consistently. Several times I got going by
starting off the
>CD-ROM basically by pretending I was installing Linux. But
>Anyone know a better way to make Win95 behave with Linux?
I run both fine with Lilo as by boot. It boots to 95
when I type Linux into Lilo. I dunno what your problem is.
You might need
to boot Linux and type "pico /etc/lilo.conf" then set
the win95 partition
as the first partition to boot then when you exit and type "lilo"
should be OK.
the Phreaki Tikki
From: email@example.com (John Beal )
OK A not so quick Piece of info about Linux living inside
of a Win95
# 1. You have to repartition your hard drives to make room for
Linux and its
There are currently 3 way's to do this..
A. You can Backup your entire Drive that you
intend on installing Linux
on and then Fdisk it and create 3 new separate partitions. 1
for Win95 to
reside in 1 for The Linux system itself and finally 1 for the
file <tip the swap file size should be approx. twice the size
physical Ram onboard>. Now You need to set the Win95 Partition
as a Primary
active partition that is Where you will boot from. The two remaining
partitions should be left unformatted at this point since if
you format them
using DOSs Fdisk Then You will only have to delete them
and reformat with
Linux anyway.... The next step is to <tip 2 You should have
created a Boot
disk Before you Fdisked the system so that once you formatted
it you can
Reinstall The System and Files that you previously backed up>
<Tip 3 Unless
you know what a partition is and how to use Fdisk, Backup, And
Master Boot Record Then you may as well hang it up and move on
down to 2 or
B. After you have restored the Win95 system
to the Primary bootable
partition of your system and Managed to Boot the system you will
sets of errors... They will say that Drive <so and so>
and Drive <so and
so> Dont appear to be valid drives but will have icons
listed in the My
computer folder. This is because if you followed the above instructions
they are unformated drives and Cant be used by Win95.. your next
<did I mention that you needed to create A Linux boot disk
disk<ramdisk before you could install them?> There are
resources available on the Net that explain in Complete detail
how to do
that.... Just load your browser and type Installing Linux...
should be at the point now where you have your Linux boot disk
disk handy and just need to reboot the computer with the Linux
Boot disk in
Drive A. It will then go through a series of checks and start
system for the Kernel install.. After that is complete it will
ask you for
your Ramdisk <root disk> and you change disks and install
the root disk and
press enter and it then starts umcompressing the Linux kernel
and gives you a Login prompt... at the login prompt you need
to do a
variety of things depending on the particular version of Linux
installing... Most of the time you will just type Login:root
when it asks
for password you just press enter and it should log you into
the system at
that point... if it says something like invalid password then
you need to
read the install instructions with the version you have it may
type Login:root Password:root Once again that is version specific...
you are logged in then Congrats your 1/3 of the way to installing
C. Now is when you Are going to hide the previously
from Win95 so that it cant see them...:-) At the prompt you simply
fdisk. It will then say something like Fdisk Defaulting to /dev/hda.
should be the drive that you intend on installing Linux to and
drive that Win95 resides on as well... Now if you are going to
installing to a different drive than you would have to tell it
primary drive that you are going to need to Format like this..
Fdisk /dev/hda Where hda is your 1st physical
Fdisk /dev/hdb Where hdb is your second physical
Fdisk /dev/hdc Where hdc is your third physical
Fdisk /dev/hdd Where hdd is your forth physical
Now notice that these are not labeled as C:,D:,E:,F: That
is because your
physical drives and your Logical drives could be very different
system for example I have This setup:
/dev/hda 1st physical drive
/dev/hda1 1st logical drive Dos C: drive
/dev/hda2 2nd logical drive Dos D: drive
/dev/hda3 3rd logical drive Linux Native
So I have 3 partitions on My /dev/hda drive 2 for Dos and 1 for
I also have the following:
/dev/hdb 2nd physical drive
/dev/hdb1 1st logical drive Dos E: drive
/dev/hdb2 2nd logical drive Linux Swap drive
/dev/hdc 3rd physical drive
/dev/hdc1 1st logical drive Dos F: drive
/dev/hdc2 2nd logical drive Dos G: drive
/dev/hdc3 3rd logical drive Dos H: drive
And finally since I am using a IDE ATAPI CDROM that is connected
Secondary IDE cable I have:
That should give you the idea as to what is necessary now
So when I had to
format my Linux Partitions that I created I did the following
Fdisk is defaulting to /dev/hda
Then I typed m to get a listing of available commands <help>
The four main commands that you will be interested in are:
d deletes a partition
n adds a partition
p prints the partition tables
w writes the table to disk
What you have to do is decide where your Linux swap partition
Linux data File partitions are going to be located and format
accordingly. In my case Main Linux File partition was /dev/hda3
so I did
Which gave me a listing of Partitions that are currently in use
and there respective begin start end blocks id and system types
or not is was a boot partition. I then did this:
Command Action <--- This was the output by Fdisk
p primary (1-4) <--- to which
Fdisk then asked which partition number I wanted to create. If
you enter a
number that already exists then Fdisk says that you have to delete
and then create it <tip Remember That Listing I told you to
get above Well
dont use any of those numbers if they say Dos cause they
are your Win95
system also you should have and I repeat should have not Formatted
partitions that you intended to use for Linux when you repartitioned
Hard drive with the Dos Fdisk Proggie that is what we are doing
now :-) > So
I replied :
At this point I should see that I now have the following partition
listed Shortened cause this is already to long...
Next we type the following:
And fdisk then writes the changes to your hard disk and Dumps
you out to the
Login prompt after saying that you have to reboot for the changes
effect but we arent done yet still have to create and format
partition too.... Like this:
Fdisk /dev/hdb <enter>
p <enter> to see what the table looks like and the numbers
of the used
n <enter> to create the Swap file partition
p <enter> in response to the Primary or extended formatting
we need to do
2 <enter> Since this is the second partition on the existing
t <enter> here is a new command it tells Linux what reference
to apply to
the partition we just created based on the following response
we are going
to give it.
82 <enter> 82 tells Fdisk that we are creating a Linux
p <enter> to print the table out and verify the changes
we want made
w <enter> to write them to disk
OK I left out a few things too First off the sizes of the
strictly up to you but for a basic No frills Linux install you
can get by
with 120 meg Main file partition and a Swap file that is twice
the size of
your physical Ram on board< I have 32 megs of Ram so I made
my swap file 64
megs in size>. I also Set aside 300 megs for my Main file
Linux Because I planned on using Xfree86 the Xwindows system
under Linux..... It took 120 megs of space with all the bells
added :) At this point you should have created the needed partitions
Linux and also have hidden them from Win95s sight to prevent
complaining about them :-) Now all you have to do is install
package of Linux that you have Be it Slackware, Redhat, etc...
you have to do is this:
Then follow the instructions from there :)
2. Use a experimental Proggie that is usually included
with most Linux
systems called Fips which allows you to partition your hard drives
destroying any of the existing data on your hard drives.... Although
still recommended that you Create a Set of backups just in case
you make a
mistake :-) There are very complete and concise instructions
with the Fips
package on how to do this so I wont make a already to long Post
wherefores and how to's.... :-)
after you do the repartitioning you just follow the above instructs
booting the Linux system and Creating the Linux Partitions and
3. <my personally recommended Method> Get Partition
Magic From 2.0 up
they all are very stable and very easy to use cost $40 Savings
pulling and possibility of making a major mistake Much reduced.....
Basically it is a graphically mapped representation of your hard
allows you to tweak everything from the Partitions to the Cluster
without having to destroy your data the advantages become clear
you have a 1 gig plus hard drive and are losing about 40% of
your hard drive
space due to the 32k clusters that you are using to store a 1k
example most of your smaller .ini files or text files anything
under 32k in
size automatically becomes a 32k cluster in space on your hard
adding all those small files up and the wasted space becomes
you... There is a very complete and concise book that comes with
Program so explaining the process here is also not necessary
important thing to remember is Not and I repeat Once again to
NOT format or
set active the partitions that you intend on creating for Linux
You do that
from the Linux Prompt that you receive once you put the Boot
and Root disks
into the system and Then follow the above section 1 instructions
Formatting the Linux Partitions.....
NOT AFRAID OF NARCS
From: Mjolnir <Mjolnir@thor.pla-net.net>
Hacking is gaining information. Hacking is not "Well
I had better not
do that, its ILLEGAL." I don't care if every single
FBI agent in the US
is reading this group, I would think they have bigger fish to
someone who says "I want to hack my ISP." I thought
my hard earned tax
dollars are going to help the FBI track down hard core criminals.
someone out there may put this information to malevolent use,
happens. Is this a mailing list for hacking discussion
or setting up
UNIX? If someone asks a question, give them a straight
say "you may be an accessory if he does something illegal."
of responce is not a Happy Hacker response, its a "computer
response. Yes some of these things may be illegal, but
I challenge any
law enforcement official reading this letter to tell me that
track my email address and arrest me if I answered a question
on how to
hack a system.
Moderator: Youre right, so long as you dont cause
harm you arent too likely to get caught. But -- some people
do wind up in jail for relatively harmless pranks. Kevin Mitnick
is an example. Apparently his three biggest mistakes were eavesdropping
on FBI agents, reading the email of _New York Times_ reporter
John Markoff, and making a hacker/phreaker (Tsutomo Shimomura)
mad at him.
The best way of all to wind up in jail for computer crime
is to make hackers mad at you. Oh, you think a hacker wont
narc on you? Look at Shimomura. Thats also how the Masters
of Destruction got caught -- they p***** off the Legion of Doom.
So guess who it was that gathered enough evidence to bust the
MOD? Yes, it was the LOD. Five MOD guys were convicted: Phiber
Optic (Mark Abene), Outlaw (Julio Fernandez), Corrupt (John Lee),
Acid Phreak (Elias Ladopoulos) and Scorpion (Paul Stira).
Now Eric Bloodaxe (Chris Goggins) -- the LOD guy who did the
most to bust the MOD -- is a revered hacker, a successful consultant,
and author of the book _The Complete Internet Business Toolkit_
which you can find in almost any bookstore. It comes with a CD-ROM
full of kewl Windows hacking tools. At hacker conventions
you can buy a T-shirt with the slogan I only hack for money
-- Eric Bloodaxe.
So if you are going to break into a computer, just remember
that the sysadmin of that box may well be a hacker. Or, the owner
may hire a hacker to help bust vandals. If you damage his or
her system, you could be in for BIG trouble.
Watch and see what happens to GALF. With their file wiping
blunders theyre way down the same path as the MOD. Remember:
dont hack hackers! Oh, by the way, its not wise to
email bomb hackers, either...heh, heh...make my day...
EMAIL BOMB STUFF
From: "ruben d canlas jr" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
here's my 2-cents worth on....
> Anonymous post:
> Is there any way that I can find the identity of a prat
who e-mail bombed
> me, shutting down AOL's UK Mail servers?
> He/She is a social retard, and used the anomonious.com mail
> initiate the bomb.
you can write anonymous.com and send a copy of the mail sent
them and tell them that the sender has used anonymous.com for
Do you know what really pisses me off? Everyone is trying
everyone else what hacking is supposed to be. Some say pheaking
hacking, some deny that IRC hacking is not true hacking, others
UNIX hacking is the only real hacking.
And then there is this whole "social engineering" thing.
Who cares what is real hacking and what is not. Is everyone waiting
an Oxford Dictionary definition of what is and is not allowed
Most of us are in this game because of our love of computers
certain rebellious spirit that tells us to do things others have
could be done, let alone how to do them.
We seek to learn new things and new ways of doing old things.
really matter whether you hack UNIX via a modem, Win95 at a box
Or any of the millions of other things this large and DIVERSE
gets up to.
WE ARE ALL HACKERS. ERGO: SHUT UP AND HACK.
(feel free to flame my a** at will)
PS: please anon my E-mail address. Thanx Carolyn.
Moderator: you wouldnt by any chance be worried some
self-styled hackers would demonstrate their imagined intellectual
brilliance by email bombing you, would you?
From: email@example.com (P. Murgatroyd)
Caroline, are you stupid or really stupid?
The guy below was asking about the 95 startup screen and he
seemed to make
that pretty clear then you go off talking about W95 backgrounds.
The file he wants to change is c:\logo.sys which is hidden/system/read-only.
Its 320x200x8. c:\windows\logow.sys is the 95 "please wait"
and c:\windows\logos.syst is the "It is safe..." shutdown
Caroline... you really s***.
Moderator: Gee, well on my Win95 operating system, the startup
screen uses the same file as the background screen. But I suppose
it is possible that other versions of Win95 are not set up to
do this. All I can say is I do what works. Isnt that what
From: Mjolnir <Mjolnir@thor.pla-net.net>
>By the way, I am all for freedom of speech, but Child
Pornography is >NOT freedom of speech, it's visual - so it
ain't speech. Saying you >condone child porn is freedom
of speech! Get your facts right.
Freedom of expression is a better term. I can say Usenet
posts are not
speech, they are not spoken. We should be able to express
however we want, within legal (and moral) limits. Images
expression, but child porn is illegal (and sick, and immoral)