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July 13, 1998

URL of the day:

See back issues of the Happy Hacker Digest and Guides to (mostly)
Harmless Hacking at http://www.Happyhacker.org.
GTMHH en espanol: http://underhack.islatortuga.com


* Chat and Beginners Exploits
* Call for papers
* New Hacker wargame computer is up
* Modern Hackers Desk Reference
* Buy PCs with Linux pre-installed
* webFreaks.com Free Shell Account Server - back up!
* Rhino9 server gone forever? NOT!
* VBScript exploit?
* Editorial: What is SPAM anyway?

 *** Chat and Beginners Exploits
From: "®3\\/× ®@ |{ø(\\/)ű12600" <revbezalel@hotmail.com>

I am going to have at my website www.angelfire.com/sd/bezalel/ ten chat
rooms for my fellow happy hackers.  Twenty-four people can chat in one
room.  Right now I only have two chat rooms open and they are empty one
hundred percent of the time, but hopefully that will change.  Oh yeah, and
here are some beginners exploits.

To get the passwd file ,try using an FTP client to access the site anonymously
then check the /etc directory to see if access to the passwd file is
If it is not restricted then download the file and run any one of a wide
assortment of cracker programs on it. If it is restricted then try this. Some
systems there is a file called PHF in the /cgi-bin directory. If there is then
you are in luck. PHF allows users to gain remote access to files (including the
/etc/passwd file) over the world wide web. To try this method goto your web
browser and type one of these URL's:

http://xxx.xxx.xxx/cgi-bin/test-cgi?* HTTP/1.0
http://xxx.xxx.xxx/cgi-bin/nph-test-cgi?* HTTP/1.0

Substitute the site you are trying to hack for the xxx.xxx.xxx.

If the preceding methods fail then try any way you can think of to get that
file. If you do get the file and all the items in the second field are X or!
or * then the password file is shadowed. Shadowing is just a method of adding
extra security to prevent hackers and other unwanted people from using the
password file. Unfortunately there is no way to "unshadow" a password file
but sometimes there are backup password files that aren't shadowed. Try
looking for files such as /etc/shadow and other stuff like that.

A single entry of a passwd file entry might look like this:
              /               /                  /
             /               /                  /
 \                      \             \                             \
  \                      \             \                             \

Now take a look at the PASSWORD in this entry: 8d34jSjs73hsb. This is, in
fact, NOT the password. It is, instead, the encrypted equivalent TO the
password. As part of the UNIX Account Registration process, when a User
designates a password, the UNIX takes the password, and (*this is
important*) uses the other information from the account to generate an
encrypted equivalent to the actual password. Why? Because as part of the
UNIX operating system, users MUST have access to the 'passwd' file to be
able to login. But if anyone who has an account can access the 'passwd'
file, they can also see what everyone else's Password is. So, UNIX's
security against this is to encrypt the password entry for each users
account so that no one else will know what anyone other than their
password is. Fortunately the algorithm UNIX uses to perform this
encryption has been known to Crackers for sometime.

And so if you can see this:
           encrypted equivalent of password

[Dale: This tip seems to be unfinished. i think that the author meant to say
if you can see the encrypted equivalent of the password, then you can crack it
using a program like Cracker jack...]

Thank you for your time,
  øþÿ @±   ®@ |{ë®

 *** Call for papers
From: "Betty G.O'Hearn" <betty@infowar.com>

P L E A S E   D I S T R I B U T E   W I D E L Y

C A L L   F O R  P A P E R S

Assurance for the Global Convergence:

Enterprise, Infrastructure and Information Operations

Mount Royal Hotel, London, UK
December 7-9

December 7 - Tutorials
December 8-9  General Session.

MIS Training Institute - www.misti.com
Winn Schwartau, Interpact, Inc. - www.infowar.com

The Global community gets smaller and smaller, especially as technology
unites us all. Heretofore disparate entities now face the same challenges,
adversaries and opportunities.

InfowarCon-9 will examine how three entities will coexist and survive:
· The private enterprise conducting global commerce
· The national and municipal infrastructure
· Military and Government Information Operations (Defense and Offense)

Interested parties from government, law enforcement, academia,
corporations, product vendors and individuals from all nations are invited
to submit papers or concepts for papers/presentation to be given at
InfoWarCon-9 and published in the Conference Proceedings and at
www.infowar.com. The following Solutions Oriented topics are of special
interest to the conference, but all papers will be considered. Entertaining
and interactive sessions focussing on leading edge thinking and issues are

· Infrastructural protection, cyber-attacks, and defensive methodologies
· Y2K Versus EU Conversions: Is there an easy way?
· Information Operations in the Military· Offensive Weapons and Technologies
· Cyber-Forensics· Weapons of Mass Destruction for the Terrorist
· Espionage: Corporate and National
· Effective VPN/PKI for Defending Global Commerce
· Open Source Intelligence for InfoWar
· Joint Global Information Operations versus InfoWar?
· International Law Enforcement and Cooperation
· InfoWar Disaster Response Training· Denial of Service Attacks and Methodology
· The Law and War· New Info-Sec Models for Local and Global Enterprises
· Case Studies and Real World Successes of Defensive Information Warfare
· Electronic Civil Defense Policies
· National Defense and Intelligence Mechanisms
· Education: For the Choir and the Congregation
· Dealing with the Non-nation State Actor
· Interactive Infowar and Strategic Gaming
· Redefining the Responsibility of the State
· Case Studies of Prosecution: Successful and Not
· Corporate Vigilantism and Self-Preservation
· The Return of Privacy: Electronic Bills of Rights for Nation States
· Legal Issues for the Private Sector· Real Hacking

Multi-media presentations, real-time scenarios or gaming, audience
participation and highly interactive topics are more likely to be accepted.
English is the conference language and all sessions will be unclassified.

A one page abstract submission is required. If the abstract is selected,
the full paper will be due in 30 days. Submissions are to be in MSWord, WP
or Powerpoint, sent via email, including your CV and all contact information.

Forward to:  Betty@infowar.com. with " IWC-London SUBMISSION" in the

Include your POC information including fax, phone, email, snailmail, title,
company name.

Submission Deadline:   July 20, 1998  (NEW DATE)

There will be no submissions accepted after July 20, 1998 so please plan now.

For inquiry or discussion on submissions, please contact Betty O'Hearn at

For more information contact: Voice: 508.879.7999 Fax: 508.872.1153
Exhibitors & Sponsorship: Adam Lennon - Alennon@misti.com
Attendance & Registration: www.misti.com

Betty O'Hearn
Assistant to Mr. Winn Schwartau
727-360-6256 Voice
727-363-7277 FAX


 *** New Hacker wargame computer is up
koan.happyhacker.org is online and ready for assault!

Need I say more???
 *** Modern Hackers Desk Reference
From: "Jim Williams" <jbw2@bellsouth.net>

Hi Again,I was able to find and download the Desk Reference from
 *** Buy PCs with Linux pre-installed
Check out these web sites for info on purchasing PC's with LINUX


 *** webFreaks.com Free Shell Account Server - back up!
Mark Castillo <webmaster@webfreaks.com>

Just wanted you to know that our new adduser scripts are now in place.

Adding a user takes 15 minutes via the online form instead of 0-2
weeks :).

The OS is still OpenBSD-current.


Telnet and IRC out are still not allowed on the free accounts, but
ssh is.

Our Full Featured Shell accounts allow any port access and IRC bots.

Please read the FAQ and Shell Account detail pages for pricing.
 *** Rhino9 server gone forever? NOT!
From: "Alexey L. Popov" <alpopov@elkamail.ru>

Hello Dale.
I wasn't sure to what address I should write to get to the digest
so I selected yours, sorry.

Please let others know that Rhino9 server could be found at, or one could try web search for documents
titled Rhino9 Security Research Team since their site has changes
locations several times.

Thanks for maintaining this digest.

From: The Slycer <the_slycer@telusplanet.net>

Hello, in the July 7 1998 GTMHH, there was a message stating that
rhino.org domain is now gone. Just wanted to make sure that everyone
knows you can still get to the site @

IMHO it is a great site and although the domain is gone (for whatever
reason) the site is still up.

The Slycer..
From: "Johan" <goyens.johan@unicall.be>


Strange, I could read the message in the digest 7/7:

>Could you let your other readers know that rhino9.org, that is mentioned
>in the 29 June issue of the Happy Hacker's Digest, is gone. Thank you.

Strange, while I was reading this, I had my browser connected to the site.

Maybe there's a problem resolving the dns?

From: Nik <fang.gang@btinternet.com>

Please note http://www.Rhino9.ml.org is the new url

 *** VBScript exploit?
From: <VM370x@aol.com>

I was looking through the MS VBScript documentation and I noticed
several things (such as the FileSystemObject) that look like clear
security holes.

The example of this object shows the creation of a new text file
in the root directory and some text being appended.  It wouldn't
be too good to have WriteLine("del c:\io.sys") appended to
autoexec.bat would it?  I wish I could test this, but I don't have
DCOM installed so I can't run the VBScript Engine v2.

Oah well, later-
 ***  MINIX
From: Renos <renosm@yahoo.com>

Hi Carolyn!   Lately I have been searching to find an easy-to-install
UNIX like Operating System. I didn't want to make a 500MB partition
on my HD for a Linux Instalation. I read in previous issues of HH
about some UNIX like OSes that could run on Win95. They also had
small sizes and of course you didn't have to make a new partitions
on your HD. Keeping on searching I finally found a cool one Unix
like OS called Minix!

Minix needs only 30MB of hard disk for a full instalation. It's
free and it comes with the sources! You can install it on a XT,286,
386, 486, 586,... If you still don't want to make a partition there is
Test-Minix. It's the Minix OS which can be run from the DOS prompt!
It's only 10MB (the Download size in is 2MB). It doesn't contain the
sources, and you must have at least a 386 with 4MB RAM . It contains
among other things the cc compiler, Internet tools such as telnet,
ftp, ping and deamons such as telnetd, ftpd, etc.

More infos about MINIX and Test-Minix can be found at:
 *** Editorial: What is SPAM anyway?
From: Dale Holmes <editor@cmeinel.com>

What the heck is SPAM anyway? Well, there are two schools of thought.
SPAM is known to people around the world as a luncheon meat of legend.
People *worship* SPAM (http://www.iconnect.net/home/jstrong/spam.html).
SPAM has inspired millions to philosophise and express their innermost
thoughts and feelings (http://pemtropics.mit.edu/~jcho/spam/). SPAM has
become perhaps the most closely watched and talked about luncheon meat
of all time. Here are some SPAM facts:

- In America, it's consumed at the rate of 3.8 cans a second by more than
60 million Americans.
- It's trademarked in 92 countries, and sold in 45, from Anguilla to Zimbabwe.
- If laid end-to-end, 5 billion cans would encircle the earth 12 1/2 times.
- 5 billion cans of SPAM would feed a family of four, three meals a day, for
4,566,210 years.
- You can grill more than 29 billion Spamburgers with it, and that supply
would last 5.4 days if everyone on Earth ate one spamburger for dinner each
- Each year, 100 million pounds (45 million kg) of Spam are sold around the
- SPAM is made in two U.S. locations - Austin, Minnesota, and Fremont,
Nebraska -
and seven other countries: England, Australia, Denmark, Phillipines, Japan,
Taiwan, and South Korea.
- The average consumers of Spam are families with several children, especially
in the southeastern U.S.
- In 1989, the U.S. armed forces bought 3.3 million pounds of SPAM.
- Hawaii, Alaska, Arkansas, Texas, and Alabama rate the highest in spam
consumption respectively.
- Among the 50 foreign countries where Spam is sold, the UK and South Korea
are the largest markets.
- In South Korea, SPAM is considered an upscale food and one of the most
popular American imports. The Wall Street Journal recently spotted a Seoul
executive in search of the perfect gift. The executive deliberately skipped
over traditional gift items such as wine and chocolates in favor of SPAM,
explaining, "It is an impressive gift."
- Hormel PR man Allen Krejci says: "SPAM has endured because of it's
and versatility. You can eat it hot or cold. You slice, dice, or cube it. You
can eat it for breakfast, lunch, dinner, or snacks. In fact, the only thing
limits your use of SPAM is your imagination."
- Nikita Krushchev once credited SPAM with the survival of the WWII Russian
army. ''Without SPAM, we wouldn't have been able to feed our army,'' he said.
- Senator Robert Byrd of West Viginia eats a sandwich of SPAM and mayonnaise
on white bread three times a week.
- Number of miles a snowmobile must drive at -30 F to fully brown a can of Spam
wired to the engine: 35 (Source: The Iditarod [heard on a Madison, WI radio
report for "National Canned Luncheon Meat Day, '96])

All this is amazing, but it has little to do with hackers... Another take on
however, is much more serious. SPAM is the nickname for unsolicited junk email.
Usually this email comes from a commercial entity trying to sell some product or
service, or worse, trying to run some fraudulent scam.

These emails tend to have false headers so that the reply to address is faked.
If a recipient tries to respond to the email to get themselves removed from
the list, their message bounces back as undeliverable.

SPAM also includes advertisements placed in bulk to Usenet newsgroups. Usually,
these ads are placed in hundreds of newsgroups at a time, without regard to the
subject matter that the group was setup for. Ads of this nature clog up
to the point where it is difficult to find any posts that are actually on the
newsgroup's topic.

SPAM makes use of Internet email and Usenet newsgroups very frustrating.
Many people
say that there should be a law preventing SPAM. Soon, there might be one. The US
Federal Trade Commision (FTC) will be releasing a report soon making
to the US government and to the technology industry about how to fight SPAM.

Though their intentions are good, the US government will probably miss the boat
when it comes to the SPAM wars. They tend to miss their targets in
technology issues
 - just look at WIPO, or the DOJ case against Microsoft. It scares me a
little when
I think of governments deciding the fate of my email based upon its content.
I hate
SPAM! But, I want to be the one defining what is and isn't SPAM in *my* inbox.

How do you feel about it? What can you do? A good place to start it the Web
site for
the Coalition Against Unsolicited Commercial Email (CAUCE). Visit the site at
http://www.cauce.org/ and read about the issue. There are links from there
to other
reaources for SPAM war information, as well as instructions on how to avoid
a SPAM victim yourself. If it is too late for that, there is also
information on
how to detect the source of SPAM, and what you can do about it once you know
who is
spamming you.

I suggest you read about it while eating a plate of SPAM, eggs, bacon, and SPAM

  This is a list devoted to *legal* hacking! If you plan to use any
information in this Digest or at our Web site to commit crime, go away!
Foo on you! Happy Hacker is a 501 (c) (3) tax deductible organization
in the United States operating under Shepherd's Fold Ministries. Yes!
This is all a plot to save your immortal souls!

For Windows questions, please write Roger Prata<rprata@cmeinel.com>;
for Macs, write Strider <Strider@clarityconnect.com>,
and Unix, write Josh Fritsch <derr@txdirect.net> or
Carter Cavanaugh <sly_wyvern@sekurity.org>
Happy Hacker Digest editor: Dale Holmes <editor@cmeinel.com>

Want a mentor to teach you how to do *legal* hacking?  Contact mentor
coordinator Ron Gloetzner, member, Happy Hacker Board of Directors, at

Happy Hacker Grand Pooh-bah: Carolyn Meinel <">>

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