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Happy Hacker Digest April 21, 1997
======================================================================
      This is a moderated list for discussions of *legal* hacking.
                        Moderator is Matt Hinze

                 Send posts to: matt@cs.utexas.edu (Matt Hinze)
        [if you can, include a "HH" in the subject header]
               

               Please don't send us anything you wouldn't
              email to your friendly neighborhood narc, OK?

        To subscribe or
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If you decide you just want to use the forum and not get these
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from this list.
 
         H a p p y  H a c k i n g !
=============================================================================
http://www.ecst.csuchico.edu/~jtmurphy/localusers.html
This one lists not only exploits, but their fixes, as well.
=============================================================================

Table of Contents:
------------------
* Monkey
* Domain Name?
* More Windows95 Net Utils (what are they for?)
* Disconnecting From Telnet
* Hacking a PC
* Linux Woes
* Vulnerability in sperl 5.003 (and other versions)
* Getting Started Hacking: Step-by-step
------------------
 

=============================================================================
*** Monkey
=============================================================================

From: Warpy <warpy@null.net>

To those of you who have emailed me asking for info on how to hack and
places to look, umm - did you miss the point altogether!? I mean, the
information is OUT THERE, go and find it. Admittedly there is a steep
learning curve, but that comes with most new things. From now on
anyone emailing me with a silly request for info without appearing to
have attempted to find it yourself will get the one line reply:

http://www.altavista.com ;)

And now on to monkey. In my eternal search to find a simply way to
install linux on my i486, 4meg Ram, and 200meg hdd laptop, I
discovered a thing called monkey. Buried in the depths of sunsites ftp
I found it. The following are it's specs:

----

Monkey Linux can be extracted to the DOS filesystem (also to the
FAT32). This is complete small ELF distribution with latest kernel on
5 diskettes. Monkey can run on this minimal HW: 386SX, 4MB RAM, 30MB
on IDE HDD. Contain X Window for any SVGA videocard, support for
network, support for 3C5x9, 3c59x, 3c900, NE2000/NE1000, WD80x3
ethernet cards, ATAPI/MITSUMI CD.

There is some ready-to-install packages:
   Netscape 3.01                    Apache WWW server
   GCC 2.7.2 for kernel compiling   Dosemu 0.64.4 for console
   Linux kernel 2.0.29              Sendmail 8.8.5 with Pine
   Accelerated X server Mach 64     Manpages
   Accelerated X server S3

Monkey has a lot of basic utilities such as:
   telnet, ftp, ssh, lynx, finger, talk, nslookup, ...
   bootpd, bootpgw, cron, ftpd, ...
   perl, awk, sed, bash, tcsh, vi, joe, ...

Monkey has not:
   GCC compilator for everyday use (but kernel can be compiled)
   Documentation, many ready-to-install modules
   Monkey is not really complete - you may use Slackware, RedHat, etc.

Primary site: ftp://ftp.spsselib.hiedu.cz/pub/linux/monkey/
Mirror sites: ftp://ftp.vslib.cz/pub/unix/linux/monkey/
              ftp://sunsite.mff.cuni.cz/OS/Linux/Distributions/Monkey/

----

Now monkey isn't complete yet, so there will be some things you will
need to install yourself. But if you haven't got a cdrom, and you
can't be bothered downloading the slackware disksets from sunsite,
then this might be the thing for you. One of the most attractive
features of this system is that on my piddly 200megz on my laptop - it
doesn't require a partition. Hence I can run both linux and dos on my
laptop and let them fight it out for space, instead of having a fixed
partition.

However in exchange for install simplicity, you will need to do a lot
of internal configuration to get it up and running the way you want
it. However if you have a spare 386 or 486 around, that doesn't have
to much on it, chuck it in and see how it goes.

Warpy

PS: I tried mini-linux b4 hand.. now it might be that little bit more
stable, but would yu swap a 2.0.29 kernel for an ancient 1.0.9 one? I
think not.. (well thats the kernel i found).

---------------------------------------------------
A great hack is accomplished before it has begun...
(paraphrased from Sun Tzu)   -[warpy@null.net]-
   http://jolt.dyn.ml.org/~warpy
---------------------------------------------------

=============================================================================
*** Domain Name?
=============================================================================
 

ANONYMOUS ------ Please make it so...

I was just curious as to how one would go about getting there own
domain name....??  Any help would be greatly appreciated.

[Matt: Go to InterNIC at www.internic.net for more information about
domain aquisition.]

=============================================================================
*** More Windows95 Net Utils (What are they for?)
=============================================================================

From: pmurgs@iafrica.com (P. Murgatroyd)

>1. Arp.exe - Displays and modifies the IP-to-Physical address
>translation tables used by address resolution protocol (ARP).
>2. Net.exe - This is not probably 4 'net but 4 windows 4
>workgroups(IMHO).
>3. Netdde.exe - ?
>4. Route.exe - Manipulates network routing tables.

>If somebody knows about these commands please post ur explainations.

1. ARP.EXE

IP address to MAC (Media Access Control, the unique address of the
network device (ie: Network Card)) address resolution for outgoing
packets is performed by ARP (Address Resolution Protocol). As each
outgoing IP datagram is encapsulated into a frame (a frame is the
actual signal that will pass along the network connection (ie: network
cable)), source and destination MAC addresses must be added.
Determining the destination MAC address for each frame is the
responsibility of ARP.

ARP compares the destination IP address on every outbound IP datagram
to the ARP cache for the NIC (Network Interface Card) that frame will
be sent over. If there is a matching entry, then the MAC address is
retrieved from the cache. If not, ARP broadcasts an ARP Request Packet

onto the local subnet, requesting that the owner (machine) of the IP
address in question reply with its MAC address.

If the packet is going through a router, ARP resolves the MAC address
for that next-hop router rather than the final destination host. When
an ARP reply is received, the ARP cache is updated with the new
information, and it is used to address the packet at the link layer
(see: OSI Networking model for more information on the link layer. All
good networking books have a chapter on the OSI Networking model).

Entries in the ARP cache may be viewed, added and deleted using the
ARP.EXE. For more information, see RFC 826 (Address Resolution
Protocol) or get one of Microsofts Whitepapers on Windows 95 and
Windows NT Networking that covers ARP.

2. NET.EXE

NET.EXE is a very usefull program. It is very simple to use and has a
lot of functionality. "NET USE" and "NET VIEW" are probably the two
most commonly used "NET" commands. I suggest experimenting with
NET.EXE as it very easy to use. Just type "NET" to see a list of its
commands.

3. NETDDE.EXE

DDE (Dynamic Data Exchange) and is one of the ways applications
running under Microsoft Windows 3.1x, 95 and NT can share data in
memory. NETDDE.EXE enables applications (which support it) running on
different hosts to share data in memory over a network.

4. ROUTE.EXE

Route is used to view or modify the route table. Route print displays
a list of current routes known by IP for the host. Route add is used
to add routes to the table, and route delete is used to delete routes
from the table.

In order for two hosts to exchange IP datagrams, they must both have a

route to each other, or use a default gateway that knows of a route.
Normally, routers exchange information with each other using a
protocol such as Routing Information Protocol (RIP) or Open Shortest
Path First (OSPF).

Routing is the primary function of IP (I mean IP as its singlar part
of the TCP/IP protocol suite. See RFC 791).

Datagrams are handed to the IP protocol from UDP and TCP transport
above, and from the NIC(s) below (see the OSI Networking Model). Each
datagram is labeled with a source and destination IP address. The IP
protocol examines the destination address on each datagram, compares
it to a locally maintained route table, and decides what action to
take. There are three actions which can be taken for each datagram.

1. It can be passed up to the protocol layer above IP on the local
host (ie: On to an application running on the machine).
2. It can be forwarded by one of the local NIC's (sent out onto the
network via a network device).
3. It can be discarded.

The route table maintains four different types of routes.
1. host (a route to a specific destination IP address)
2. subnet (a route to a subnet)
3. network (a route to an entire network)
4. defualt (used when there is no other match)

Hope this wasnt too technical (even though its actually a very brief
overview). I learnt all this from Microsoft Whitepapers, Microsoft
MSCE study guides and RFC's.

BlueRain
 

=============================================================================
*** Disconnecting From Telnet
=============================================================================

From: ".o0ORSNAKEO0o." <rsnake@ecst.csuchico.edu>

> I'd love
> to know how to lose the login prompt of the telnetted computer and get
> back to my own shell prompt!  Anyone know how to do this?  And while
> I'm at it, I'll ask this: what's the deal with the "Escape Character
> is '^]'" ?? How do I use that? It certainly doesn't get me out of the
> login screen predicament!  Point, please?
>
> Thanks all -- since this is my first post, I'll mention how much I
> love this list and love reading all of your informative posts.  Thanks
> especially to people like Bronc Buster who put up oodles of fun
> information on the web for the rest of us....
>
> [Matt: To end a telnet session type '^]', or more simply, hold the
> 'Ctrl' button down while hitting the ']' key. You'll then get a
> "telnet>" prompt, or something similar. You can connect to another
> host or just exit the telnet program at this point.]

 Something to remeber when you use this command:  YOU ARE STILL
CONNECTED!  You have to type in "close" to actually un-connect
yourself from the host and to get out of the telnet program you have
to type "quit" after that.  There is another way, however.  Often you
will find yourself attached to a term that eats up CPU time or is
REALLY lagged and you know it will take a while to get to a TMOUT
response.  This happens often when MUDs go down because the hubs allow
you access but the actual machine is still down. So if you are running
a LINUX/UNIX account you can still get rid of the prompt (or any other
problems for that matter).  Open another window and review your
process reports (ps -u username) and it should give you a report
something like this:

$ ps -u rsnake
 23814 ttyp1     0:00 ps
 22369 ttyp2     0:00 telnet
 (modified for simplicity)

 now you know the PID number (Process IDentification) and you
can do a remote kill on it:

$ kill -9 22369
[1]+  Killed                  telnet

 (The -9 switch is called a SIGKILL and is used to force
termination immediatly without trapping, which can often kill off more
stubborn programs where SIGTERM cannot). This method can also be used
to kill off any run-away process, including run-away netscapes, pines
or anything else.  As far ast '^]' is concerned, that is called a
control character.  Most control characters do nothing, however there
are three that you should know.  '^]' will get you out of a login
prompt. '^C' (interrupt) will stop a process that you are currently
running, and '^Z' (suspend) will (often) suspend a process which you
can later re-start with the fg command (this is often handy when you
get a talk-req while you are in the middle of doing something really
important and you don't want to lose your place).  Hope that helps.
Hasta!

x http://www.ecst.csuchico.edu/~rsnake

=============================================================================
*** Hacking a PC
=============================================================================

From: Peter Beckman <beckman@nova.org>

One fine day, Drith@Icon.co.za wrote:

> Can someone tell me if it is possible to connect to someone else's PC
> while this persone is connected to the internet, without him knowing,
> how to do it or where to start ? I have been thinking about this for a
> while know and this what I have found out about the persone's
> connection ...
>
> 1) He/she is assigned a dynamic IP address, but this I can figure out
> by fingering the persone.

 You cannot finger a person if you do not know their IP address,
 unless they have a single place to finger them (user@x.org) which
 tells you if they are dialed in and tells you their current IP
 address.

> 2) I can also get the tty port the persone is connected to (I am
> pretty sure it is the servers tty port) by fingering the persone.

 The tty port is useless unless you are on the machine.  If you were
 on the machine, and were able to install a program or two, and run as
 root, you could watch all of his connections.  Or just sniff them at
 the interface.

> 3) The service provider runs Linux
> 4) They use a PPP connection for their users
>
> There must be a way to access this computer. The persone must
> send/recieve data via a port/connection. How do I open a connection to
> him without him/her know about it, or use the same port/connection to
> get access to the box.

 There are hacks that allow you access to his/her machine if they are
 using MSIE and you have a server and the person connects to your
 server.  You can use the connection to snoop around on their system.
 But that requires them to have a Win95 box.

 If you have their IP address, you can use a port snooper (like
 strobe) to see what services they have running on their box.  If they
 have something you can use turned on (like anon ftp, and they are
 dumb enough to have it open to the entire filesystem -- I've seen
 this open!), then you have free run of their box until they terminate
 either their service (ftp here) or their ppp connection.

 You must keep in mind that just because a persons PC is connected to
 the net, it does not mean that you can get into it.  First off learn
 about services that are insecure -- sendmail, ftp, rlogin (r* for
 that matter).  Then learn how and why they are insecure -- read CERT
 alerts, get on some security mailing lists.  Then learn how to find
 out if they are running on a remote system (whether dialed in or
 physically connected) -- strobe, port watchers, etc.

 These tools will help you figure out how to snoop around undetected
 on a system.  Sorry, there is no easy way to do it, other than to
 learn.  By the way, security may be implemented on these systems, so
 you also might want to learn about the OS you will be attempting to
 compromise BEFORE you try to break in.  Remember, unauthorized access
 to ANY computer is a felony in the US.

 Peter <beckman@purplecow.com>

=============================================================================
*** Linux Woes
=============================================================================

From: [anonymous]

Please post this message anonymous

Hey all

I'm having a bit of trouble with Linux setting up a ppp connection I
have managed to figure out what the problem is so now I need help to
fix it. I have read through the linux-ppp faq and all the others and
haven't found anything on it.My problem is not actually in pppd but in
the chat program used to set it up.I have written my own pppd and chat
script but now here's where the problem comes in.My modem is set in
win95 to blind dial (dial without looking for a dial tone) because for
some reason my modem doesn't detect the dial tone in my country.But
now in linux when I initiate chat using my script it by default checks
for a dial tone before dialing the number and since it cant detect one
it cancels the operation and so wont even dial the number.Does anyone
know of a way that I can make chat blind dial or maybe there's an AT
command to do it.At the moment I'm just using the atdt command to try
and dial.

Oh yeah and changing my modem's internal configuration to set it to
blind dial is not an option.

Thanks to anyone willing to help

=============================================================================
*** Vulnerability in sperl 5.003 (and other versions)
=============================================================================

Here is a general recap of the situation:

A critical security bug in /usr/bin/sperl* (buffer overflow) has been
found. This affects sperl on all platforms. Supposedly, a new, patched
version, Perl 5.003_97g has been released, which is not affected by
the exploit.

The precompiled Linux exploit can be found at:
http://www.ecst.csuchico.edu/~jtmurphy/localusers.html which is an
excellent site for hackers and sysadmins alike.

Anyway, if you are running sperl5.003, make sure that it is not SUID
root.

Matt

(Most of this info has been compiled from various posts I read on the
Bugtraq mailing list. To subscribe to Bugtraq, send an email message
to listserv@netspace.org and include "subscribe bugtraq" (without
quotes) in the message body.)

=============================================================================
*** Getting Started Hacking: Step-by-step
=============================================================================

Please make this post anonymous.

I've been noticing several similar posts lately regarding getting
started. I'm going to take you farther than that. Here is a
step-by-step formula to become a hacker. But there is a catch: you
*must* read and follow these instructions exactly. Any attempts to
take short-cuts or anything like that will guarantee your failure at
becoming a hacker.

*1. Read *all* the back issues of the Guide To (mostly) Harmless
Hacking, if you haven't already. They can be found at:

http://base.kinetik.org
http://www.anet-chi.com/~dsweir
http://www.tacd.com/zines/gtmhh/
http://ra.nilenet.com/~mjl/hacks/codez.htm
http://www.ilf.net/brotherhood/index2.html

*2. Spend a few hours browsing and reading through the pages linked
from Yahoo!'s Unix category, found at:

http://www.yahoo.com/Computers_and_Internet/Operating_Systems/Unix/

Make sure you check out:

http://www.yahoo.com/Computers_and_Internet/Operating_Systems/Unix/Linux

...especially if you are thinking about running Linux.

Don't stop reading stuff from here until you have a good grasp on
Unix! Remember, no short-cuts!

*3. Skim through the back issues of the Happy hacker Digest and read
anything that you think might be valuable. The HHDigest archives are
at:

http://www.geocities.com/TimesSquare/Arcade/4594

*4. Check out all the URLs Of The Day, which are found at the Happy
Hacker Digest Webpage at:

http://www.cs.utexas.edu/users/matt/hh.html

Follow links from those to other hacking web pages. Print or save
stuff you don't totally understand so that you can read it later.

Okay, now you know some terminology, some exploits, and you have a
good grasp of Unix. If you don't, go back to step 2. The next step
never ends. It is what hackers do:

*5. Explore on your own. Type some of the stuff you learned into a
search engine, see if a cool site comes up. Join some mailing lists.
Post a legitimate question to the Happy Hacker Digest or another list.
Wow! At this point you might be able to answer a few questions! Do
that too. Try to put up a machine running Linux on your own. Then try
to use some of the exploits you learned on it. Try to find some new
exploits. Go to a few hacker conventions.

Good luck.

[Matt: Some of these ideas are good. If you are unsure about exactly
how to start hacking, give this a shot.]

=============================================================================
Happy Hacking,
Matt Hinze <matt@cs.utexas.edu>

 © 2013 Happy Hacker All rights reserved.