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More how to get a good shell account...

Now that you have chosen your shell, the next thing is to explore. See what riches your ISP has allowed you to use. For that you will want to learn, and I mean *really learn* your most important Unix commands and auxiliary programs. Because I am supreme arbiter of what goes into these Guides, I get to decide what the most important commands are. Hmm, "ten" sounds like a famous number. So you're going to get the:

Ten Meinel Hall of Fame Shell Account Exploration Tools

1) man <command name>
This magic command brings up the online Unix manual. Use it on each of the commands below, today! Wonder what all the man command options are? Try the "man -k" option.

2) ls
Lists files. Jericho suggests "Get people in the habit of using "ls -alF". This will come into play down
the road for security-conscious users." You'll see a huge list of files that you can't see with the "ls" command alone, and lots of details. If you see such a long list of files that they scroll off the terminal screen, one way to solve the problem is to use "ls -alF|more."

3) pwd
Shows what directory you are in.

4) cd <directory>
Changes directories. Kewl directories to check out include /usr, /bin and /etc. For laughs, jericho suggests exploring in /tmp.

5) more <filename>
This shows the contents of text files. Also you might be able to find "less" and "cat" which are similar commands. Using "cat" is more complicated than "less" and "more". It just dumps everything to the screen all at once if you type "cat <filename>". However, there are a lot of other cool things it does. Give the command "man cat" to learn more.

6) whereis <program name>
Think there might be a nifty program hidden somewhere? Maybe a game you love? This will find it for you. Similar commands are "find" and "locate." Try them all for extra fun.

7) vi
An editing program. You'll need it to make your own files and when you start programming while in your shell account. You can use it to write a really lurid file for people to read when they finger you. Or try "emacs." It's another editing program and IMHO more fun than vi. Other editing programs you may find include "ed" (an ancient editing program which I have used to write thousands of lines of Fortran 77 code), "ex," "fmt," "gmacs," "gnuemacs," and "pico."

8) grep
Extracts information from files, especially useful for seeing what's in syslog and shell log files. Similar commands are "egrep," "fgrep," and "look."

9) chmod <filename>
Change file permissions.

10) rm <filename>
Delete file. If you have this command you should also find "cp" for copy file, and "mv" for move file.

More how to get a good shell account-->> 


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